Creates a dataset, using the decennial census information, with the standard variables used for redistricting. Creates a stable base for getting data from tidycensus for common calls in redistricting.

build_dec(
  geography,
  state,
  county = NULL,
  geometry = TRUE,
  year = 2020,
  groups = "all"
)

mem_build_dec(
  geography,
  state,
  county = NULL,
  geometry = TRUE,
  year = 2020,
  groups = "all"
)

Arguments

geography

Required. The geography level to use.

state

Required. Two letter state postal code.

county

Optional. Name of county. If not provided, returns blocks for the entire state.

geometry

Defaults to TRUE. Whether to return the geometry or not.

year

year, must be 2000, 2010, or 2020 (after August 2021)

groups

defaults to 'all', which gets pop and vap. If 'pop', only gets pop. If 'vap', only gets vap. Any other strings default to 'all'.

Value

tibble with observations for each observation of the geography in the state or county. Data includes 2 sets of columns for each race or ethnicity category: population (pop) and voting age population (vap)

Output columns are:

  • GEOID: Geographic Identifier

  • NAME: Name of County

  • pop: total population

  • pop_white: total population, Non-Hispanic White

  • pop_black: total population, Non-Hispanic Black

  • pop_hisp: total population, Hispanic

  • pop_aian: total population, Non-Hispanic American Indian and Alaskan Native

  • pop_asian: total population, Non-Hispanic Asian

  • pop_nhpi: total population, Non-Hispanic Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander

  • pop_other: total population, Non-Hispanic Other

  • pop_two: total population, Non-Hispanic Two Plus Races

  • vap: voting age population

  • vap_white: voting age population, Non-Hispanic White

  • vap_black: voting age population, Non-Hispanic Black

  • vap_hisp: voting age population, Hispanic

  • vap_aian: voting age population, Non-Hispanic American Indian and Alaskan Native

  • vap_asian: voting age population, Non-Hispanic Asian

  • vap_nhpi: voting age population, Non-Hispanic Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander

  • vap_other: voting age population, Non-Hispanic Other

  • vap_two: voting age population, Non-Hispanic Two Plus Races

  • geometry: sf geometry

Arguments for geography are not checked, so will fail with tidycensus errors if invalid. This is by design to avoid blocking usage that could become valid, especially following the 2020 Census data release.

Currently valid options for geography:

  • 'state'

  • 'county'

  • 'tract'

  • 'block group'

  • 'block'

  • 'county subdivision'

  • 'zcta'

  • 'congressional district'

  • 'state legislative district (upper chamber)'

  • 'state legislative district (lower chamber)'

  • 'school district (unified)'

Full options for geography that may or may not be valid depending on year and geometry are listed at: Kyle Walker's tidycensus site.

Examples

if (FALSE) { # uses the Census API tb <- build_dec(geography = 'block', state = 'NY', county = 'Rockland', geometry = TRUE) }